Active substances in cannabis
In cannabis we find a diverse composition of substances that - either individually or jointly - can affect the human body. Cannabinoids, which is the collective name for the compounds known by the abbreviations CBD, CBG, THC, etc., are the main active substances contained in the plant. So far, more than 100 different species have been discovered. And the discovery is far from over. In addition to cannabinoids, however, cannabis is also rich in terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils and alkaloids - these act on the human body mainly in combination with cannabinoids. Is this becoming confusing? Below we have prepared for you a brief overview and characteristics of all the most essential active ingredients that this unique plant offers.
Although CBD is the starting material for the famous THC, this cannabinoid has no narcotic effects - on the contrary. CBD can even alleviate the rush caused by marijuana (THC). However, attention is turning strongly to CBD, especially for the potential therapeutic effects that are being gradually discovered by scientists. It turns out that CBD can help with inflammation, alleviate acute and chronic pain, accelerate regeneration, relieve depression and anxiety, improve sleep quality, support our nervous, immune and digestive systems, improve skin condition, and much more.
The cannabis plant first produces cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) during photosynthesis. This acid is then transformed into CBD, THC, and also a lesser known, but important, cannabinoid, abbreviated CBG, by a number of complex chemical processes. Like the CBD, the CBG does not induce a change in consciousness. However, according to research, cannabigerol has a huge therapeutic potential. So far, we know that CBG should have the effect of relieving pain, strengthening our bones, relieving depression, and achieving mental well-being or reducing intraocular pressure. And the research is just getting started ...
Another tough but lesser known cannabinoid is cannabinol, which results from the oxidation of THC. CBN does not have as strong effects on our consciousness as THC, but it can slightly affect consciousness. However, his research, which is true of cannabinoids in general, is still fresh. However, according to previous studies, it is clear that CBN can also have a very positive effect on our physical and mental condition. CBN still excels especially for its strong calming effects, sleep support, help with pain relief, antibacterial action or the ability to stimulate appetite.
The most famous cannabinoid is famous mainly for its 'smoking of grass', which is supposed to get its followers into trouble. Thus, unlike CBD and CBG, cannabinoid THC is a conscious affecting consciousness. However, THC also affects our body in other respects, and many studies have already confirmed its therapeutic effects. It is understandable, however, that many people try to avoid this often illegal substance, and therefore they turn to completely legal CBD or other consciousness that do not change cannabinoids to address physical or mental discomfort. However, it is very likely that cannabinoids work best, they all work together and at once.
Terpenes and flavonoids
Terpenes are substances that we find all around us. The typical smell of lemon or needles? Terpenes can blame them. And we also find them in the cannabis plant, where they make sure that each variety has its own unique aroma. Like terpenes, they can smell, while flavonoids add color - blue blueberries, for example. More important for us, however, is that terpenes and flavonoids in combination with cannabinoids create the so-called 'entourage effect'. This means that when the active substances contained in the cannabis plant act together, they support and increase each other's unique effects.